Rate-Based Modelling and Simulation of Large-Scale CO2 Capture Using a Piperazine-Promoted Aqueous Ammonia Solution

  • Ruize Lu
  • Kangkang Li
  • Jian Chen
  • Hai Yu
  • Moses Tade

Abstract

Due to the fast reaction rate of piperazine (PZ) with CO2, it has the potential to act as a promoter in aqueous ammonia (NH3)-based CO2 capture processes. A rigorous, rate-based model for the NH3–PZ–CO2–H2O system was developed using Aspen Plus®, and validated against experimental results. Absorption and desorption processes were simulated under real flue gas conditions to gain a practical understanding of the behaviour and characteristics of interactions between PZ-promoted NH3 solution and CO2. Adding PZ significantly increased the CO2 absorption rate in the NH3-based CO2 capture process via a fast reaction between PZ carbamate and CO2. The temperature along the column was higher than in the absence of PZ, and additional NH3 was released into the solution, which led to higher NH3 loss. Adding PZ also reduced the stripping heat, resulting in a smaller energy requirement for solvent regeneration.
Published
2017-09-01
How to Cite
Lu R., Li K., Chen J., Yu H., Tade M., 2017, Rate-Based Modelling and Simulation of Large-Scale CO2 Capture Using a Piperazine-Promoted Aqueous Ammonia Solution , Chemical Engineering Transactions, 61, 1873-1878.