Investigating the Simultaneous Process Design and Control of A Membrane Reactor for Hydrogen Production via Methane Steam Reforming
AbstractIn the present work, the simultaneous process design and control of a membrane reactor for H2 production via methane steam reforming (MSR) is performed. The problem is stated as a non-linear optimization problem with non-linear constraints, which includes economic and controllability criteria in the objective function. A linear model predictive controller (MPC) is implemented to enforce the desired dynamic performance. Utilizing this methodology two pre-defined process flowsheets for H2 production through the low temperature MSR, utilizing palladium-based membranes, are optimally designed based on economic criteria in the form of annualized capital and operating cost, and controllability criteria, in the form of the sum of squared errors during dynamic transitions. The first flowsheet is consisted of an integrated membrane reactor (IMR), whereas the second flowsheet under consideration is consisted of a cascaded arrangement between a reactor and a membrane module in series (CRM). Several other auxiliary processes such as heat exchangers, splitters, and mixers are employed. Rigorous nonlinear dynamic models have been developed assuming one dimensional transport and pseudo-homogenous conditions in the reaction zone in order to emulate the plant dynamics, whereas a linearized version of it is used by the MPC algorithm. Optimization results demonstrate the ability of the integrated process and control design framework to achieve a superior operating performance for a range of several factors affecting the operating conditions of the reactor.
How to Cite
Kyriakides A.-S., Seferlis P., Voutetakis S., Papadopoulou S., 2017, Investigating the Simultaneous Process Design and Control of A Membrane Reactor for Hydrogen Production via Methane Steam Reforming , Chemical Engineering Transactions, 61, 1375-1380.