Robust Facility Location Problem for Bio-waste Transportation

  • Dušan Hrabec
  • Radovan Šomplák
  • Vlastimír Nevrlý
  • František Janošťák
  • Martin Rosecký
  • Jakub Kůdela


The article presents an optimisation tool for bio-waste facility allocation. The quantity of bio-waste produced in individual territorial units is a key factor for the selection of localities when constructing a new facility. Bio-waste production changes over the course of the year and differs between various types of housing developments. Separation rate is a determining factor for bio-waste production. Readiness to separate the waste reflects the total quantity of bio-waste produced. Predicting the future of bio-waste production is a complex problem, and it would be suitable to consider more developed scenarios. The introduced tool takes into consideration additional possible scenarios for production and provides a robust solution from the point of view of a locality suggestion for the construction of the processing facility. The optimisation model is based on the two-stage stochastic programming approach. The decision regarding the locality for the construction of a new facility is made during the first stage. This method is called the “Here-and-Now” approach. The results are presented in a case study for a selected region in the Czech Republic. Since changes to the legislation in 2014, municipalities are now supposed to provide the possibility to collect the bio-waste of citizens. This has caused significant growth in production – about 20 % annually over the past few years. At this point, it is very complicated to estimate a future trend based on the historical data. Due to this reason, it would be appropriate to consider future bio-waste production across more scenarios. In order to enable the applicability of the tool on a large area with many nodes, it would be necessary to adapt the computation method according to its computational complexity.
How to Cite
Hrabec D., Šomplák R., Nevrlý V., Janošťák F., Rosecký M., Kůdela J., 2017, Robust Facility Location Problem for Bio-waste Transportation , Chemical Engineering Transactions, 61, 1093-1098.