Optimal Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis with Detailed Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Based on Superstructure Model

  • Lin Sun
  • Bo-Shi Zhao
  • Xiong-Lin Luo

Abstract

The shell and tube heat exchanger (SHE) is the most common type of heat transfer equipment used in heat exchanger networks (HENs) in the field of chemical process industries. Both counter-current flow and co-current flow may be involved in the shell and tube heat exchangers. To calculate the temperature difference, the correction factor FT is generally used for multi-pass heat exchanger optimization. For synthesis of heat exchanger networks, a lot of researchers use the correction factor FT as a constraint condition, and the HEN with minimum number of shells is optimized by iterative calculation based on a stage-wise superstructure model. However, in these studies the heat transfer temperature difference correction factor FT are used to avoid temperature crossing without considering the optimization of shell and tube number. In this paper, a method of HEN synthesis with the optimization of the number of shells and tubes for each SHE based on superstructure model is presented. Firstly, the heat transfer process of counter-current and co-current flow in SHE is studied. The correction factor of heat transfer temperature difference FT is calculated based on the mechanism of heat transfer process. Then, each tube of heat exchanger instead of a SHE is defined as a single unit and the energy balance function is established for each unit to minimize the total cost of HEN in the proposed superstructure model of HEN. By using the methodology of mixed integer nonlinear program (MINLP), the HEN synthesis and the correction factor of heat transfer temperature difference FT are optimized simultaneously. The proposed methodology allows for proper handling of the trade-offs involving energy consumption, number of units, number of shells and tubes, and network area to provide a network with the minimum total annual cost. Finally, the case study results demonstrate the effectiveness of this proposed method, and the total cost of HEN are lowered as well as the number of tubes and shells for each SHE is optimized simultaneously.
Published
2017-09-01
How to Cite
Sun L., Zhao B.-S., Luo X.-L., 2017, Optimal Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis with Detailed Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Design Based on Superstructure Model , Chemical Engineering Transactions, 61, 193-198.